Climate Change and our Water

4.2 Billion people do not have access to safe sanitation, and 2 out of 5 lack basic washing facilitities at home. This is a standard human right to be able to wash your hands for basic hygiene let alone at present with the COVID-19.

Water seems the most renewable of all the earth’s resources. It falls from the sky as rain, it surrounds us in the oceans that cover nearly three-quarters of the planet’s surface, and in the polar ice caps and mountain glaciers. It is the source of life on earth and quite possibly beyond.

Water once delivered can be stored for years in various ways earth has reservoirs 3 x the size of earth’s oceans 400 miles below in its core, however much of this water is not drinkable . The drinkable water is laid out all over the planet in no particular order unlike oil which tends to be in restricted to one location. It would entail a great deal of money and water to run the pumps to get the water from the earth and not know for sure if it could be consumed. So as much as people keep saying we have loads of water we won’t run out , we do but not accessible and not necessarily fit for consumption.

We have the aquifers which are just below the surface level, These feed our streams, lakes ,rivers and wells that our ancestors used. These are not as high as they should be as they are been pumped for the agriculture irrigation and factories and cooling systems, aqa farms and other businesses. The authorities are concerned if the climate does carry on becoming hotter and dryer then we need to start conserving water everywhere as the aquifers are not being topped up and in addition to this we have 3 billion litres a day that is wasted through leakage,

According to the Environmental Agency we can turn this around and it is far from too late so there is a good deal of hope here and the reason for my blog is to try to make people more aware of the details and how desperate it is as the general consensus is not to rely on the government, rely on your selves and the local environmentalists and agencies. There is a great deal more going on then they are letting on and the damage has been done and is still being done, it is not a warning of what is to come, Climate change has arrived, it is here, it is in full swing, we could lose everything if we do not listen to the planet screaming at us now!

Climate change has brought drought, heatwaves and storms that are of epic proportion and are going to get worse. These extreme weather changes are happening across the globe. We have floods and sea levels rising and countries having to import water from neighbouring countries. South
Africa , India and parts of Asia are all struggling and importing water or using water aid and the Red Cross etc. With the pollution growing at the rate of knots the sea and our water supplies are polluted and the fish we eat in it. The list goes on, I am barely touching on the crisis we are in and this short essay is for the benefit of water, But there is a lot more C02 problems in other areas I suggest you have a look at my other pages. permafrost is very interesting and very scary if it happens.

Climate change has brought drought, heatwaves and storms that are of epic proportion and we are expecting the weather to get worse and to be permanent. Continents and countries are going to be abandoned as the climate change will make it uninhabitable so nothing will grow and there will be no water at all. There will be a wave of migration as the people leave their homes forever. These countries will become desert and baron and will die off. There will be mass flooding in other parts of the planet were these to will become uninhabitable and the cities near the sea will need to be abandoned also. There is still going to be a planet and we will survive this but we need to take stock and prepare, the future will be very different and our old ways of living will be gone forever. For more information on this prediction see http://www.newmessage.org

The aquifers are being over pumped and as we are not getting the usual rain they are running low, this is a problem for food as the agriculture providers uses 70% of that water and now the droughts and warnings that the weather is going to become vastly hotter as the seasons come and go, we are running out of one of our most precious resources water and the second precious food! For more information on our food shortage please See my essay on Agriculture and climate change one here. For the predictions I am writing on this blog please go to http://www.newmessage.org

Long Term view

Below is a copy of a talk held by the NFU by a speaker from the Environmental Agency in Feb 2020 , the lady is the chair woman for the ‘Environment Agency’ Mrs Emma Howard Boyd.

It is very positive and they too are working with IPCC and they have been advised that there is only ten years left to turn this climate change problem around. So the below information is very promising and it would seem our countries environmental representatives are doing us proud. Getting the farmers involved and offering grants to pay for the appropriate structures for the methane problem from slurry amongst other options is very promising for sure, methane is ten time s stronger than c02 and stays in the atmosphere for a thousand years not one hundred like carbon does.

Meeting chaired by Environment Agency’ Mrs Emma Howard Boyd (https://www.nfuonline.com,2020) and she opens with

” And it’s that long term view we need to be talking about”, where the focus of debate needs to be and it’s what I want to use my time talking about today.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warns us we only have ten years left to hold global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, to avoid catastrophic climate change.

Farmers and landowners are on the front line of the impacts. In the last two years alone you’ve had to contend with exceptionally hot, dry weather and flooding caused by record-breaking rainfall, as we’ve seen this winter.

So I’m delighted and proud that both the NFU and the Environment Agency are showing the long-term leadership needed to tackle these challenges with our own commitments to net zero.

In the face of these unchartered challenges it’s only with a long term vision and strong collaboration, that we can turn the tide on climate change and build a nation resilient to its impact

According to the Environment Agency, extraction of groundwater – the water beneath the earth’s surface – is not at a sustainable level for 28% of groundwater bodies and up to 18% of surface waters.

A year earlier in 2016, unsustainable extraction meant that at least 6% and possibly up to 15% of river water bodies did not achieve “a good ecological status or potential”.

The majority of chalk streams also failed to meet that standard, with over extraction of water being responsible in a quarter of the streams that were tested.

“We need to change our attitudes to water use,” said Emma Howard Boyd, the Environment Agency chair woman.

“It is the most fundamental thing needed to ensure a healthy environment, but we are taking too much of it and have to work together to manage this precious resource.”

Addressing the questions of how to reduce the amount of water that is being used, Michael Roberts, from Water UK, said water companies were tackling the question head-on.

“It’s actually everyone’s issue,” he told the BBC’s Victoria Derbyshire programme.

“In the home we have to do our bit and as companies we have to do our bit – but the good news is that domestic consumption has been coming down for the last decade, and in terms of leakage, we are leaking a third less than we did 30 years ago, but there is a heck of a lot more to do.”

On average, people use 140 litres every day in England. The Environment Agency says it will work with government and industry to establish a personal consumption target and come up with cost-effective measures to meet it.

The government has already suggested that an individual’s water use be reduced, in its 25-year plan, published earlier this year.

The water industry says that three quarters of water used in the home goes towards washing ourselves, our clothes and how we flush the toilet. Greater awareness could help cut that amount significantly.

“We’d love to see a really ambitious target of per capita consumption per day,” Nicci Russell from Waterwise, who campaign for water efficiency, told the BBC.

“It’s around about 140 litres per day and we’d like to see it at 100 or less, we think that’s perfectly do-able over the next 20-25 years.”

But Environment Minister George Eustice has told BBC Radio 5 live that the proposed Environment Agency household water guidelines are “not a cap” and that “nobody need worry that we’re shutting off the taps”.

“It’s more a target really to encourage individual households to think about their water, to encourage the use of, for instance, flushing systems on toilets that are more economical in the way they use water, and basically get the types of innovation that we need within households over a period of time, so that we are using water more carefully.”

The big questions for the future, according to the Environment Agency, are the impacts of climate change and population growth.

Rising temperatures will affect the timing and amount of rainfall that flows into rivers and replenishes groundwater supplies.

Although average summer rainfall is not predicted to change, more rainfall is likely to occur in large downpours in the future, increasing the chances of droughts and floods happening at the same time.

The report warns that reduced summer rain and increased evaporation might damage wetland areas.

Increased areas of stagnant water during droughts coupled with increased temperatures could see the spread of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever and West Nile virus.

leaking pipe
Image captionWater leaks in England waste three billion litres per day

The population of England is predicted to increase to 58.5 million by 2026 – the report says that much of this increase is likely to take place in areas where water supplies are already stressed.

If no action is taken to reduce use and increase supply of water, “most areas will not meet demand by the 2050s” if both emissions and population growth are high.

Even low population growth and modest climate change “suggest significant water supply deficits by the 2050s, particularly in the South East”.

The National Infrastructure Commission has already suggested that moving water from north to south should be considered as part of future development.

“Today’s report reflects our own findings, that the country faces the real risk of drought and that we need to take urgent action now to address it – by reducing demand, as well as by increasing supply, said Sir John Armitt, who chairs the commission.

“Our recommendations include the need for a new National Water Network, to help move supplies from areas with water surpluses to those in greatest need.

“But there must be a concerted effort by industry to encourage consumers to use water more efficiently – and with a fifth of our mains water lost to leakages, they must also take steps to halve the amount lost this way by 2050.”

Investment in nuclear power and renewable energy will likely lead to much lower rates of abstraction and consumption by 2050, the study says.

However, if future energy scenarios involve carbon capture and storage (CCS), this would require much higher freshwater abstraction and consumption levels, as the technology needs extra water to function, and would also increase the amount of cooling water needed at conventional power plants to which CCS equipment is attached.

So reader the website is well worth a look the above is off the NFU site and others to peruse are National Geographic and NASA. Please spread the word this is very serious and as you can see there is still time and still hope and we can stop this. So think positive and don’t flush if you only pee, don’t leave tap running whilst cleaning teeth or shaving, get on the metre for your water, make sure wash machine and dishwasher is full before using it and be aware of your hose pipe. Thank you for reading. Please visit http://www.newmessage.org for in depth and helpful information on this blog and other important climate change information and how it will impact you.

Pere David deer at Whipsnade Zoo
Golden snub-nosed monkey (c) Joel Sartore
Butterfly exhibition, London
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