Climate And The Ocean

World Oceans Day: 7 startling facts about the crisis facing our oceans - CNN

Oceans cover 71% of the planets surface ensuring that 95% of it is home to marine life. The ocean is not only a sink tank for C02 but it provides our planet with oxygen and absorbs 83% of the suns carbon rays protecting us it also regulates the globes climate by mediating the temperature and the weather.

In the last 200 years, the oceans have absorbed a third of the CO2 produced by human activities and 90% of the extra heat trapped by the rising concentration of greenhouse gases. As the climate responds to decades of increasing carbon emissions, the store of energy and heat from the atmosphere builds up in the ocean. If we reach a tipping point, we will likely see more extreme weather events, changing ocean currents, rising sea levels, temperatures, and the melting of ice sheets—all of which aggravate the negative impacts of overfishing, illegal fishing, pollution, and habitat degradation. ( https://www.worldwildlife.org/,2020)

The marine environment is already registering the impacts of climate change. The current increase in global temperature of 0.7°C since pre-industrial times is disrupting life in the oceans, from the tropics to the poles. (WWF, 2020)

The oceans are absorbing 2.2 Billion tons of C02 per year putting the acidity up by 30% and sea levels have risen 8″ in the last century for the last two decades that has doubled slightly every year. It is predicted by ‘The Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in Changing Climate’ by the ‘Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’, that by 2050 the ocean levels will be 30cm.

 John Dore states from, http://www.nationalgeographic.com that ,The oceans don’t just soak up excess heat from the atmosphere; they also absorb excess carbon dioxide, which is changing the chemistry of seawater, making it more acidic. “Ocean acidification is one simple and inescapable consequence of rising atmospheric CO2 that is both predictable and impossible to attribute to any other cause,” says oceanographer of Montana State University. “Almost every aspect of marine biology—from bacteria to blue whales—is in some way influenced by the acid-base balance of seawater itself,” he says. “The effects on other marine life are harder to predict, but it could take thousands of years or more to undo what we are presently doing to ocean pH.”

Coral and marine life have already started to suffer the coral is bleached from the acid and is dying off and we have already lost a vast amount of various marine life through overfishing and climate change and others are migrating due to temperature change in their environment.

Fish are not growing properly and are being affected by the antibiotics in the sea which in turn affects us when we eat them. As marine ecosystems become increasingly nutrient-starved Phytoplankton throughout the oceans will decline as well as been overfished by trawlers.

Phytoplankton are vital to our planet and the ecosystem and climate change is interfering with both and affecting the growth of plankton. Phytoplankton is a photosynthesis also a sink tank for the suns C02 stopping it reaching the surface of the seas and polluting the planet. Plankton also protects a lot of sea life on the bed of the ocean so to lose it would be stripping the sea bed of an important protective barrier destroying a vast amount of sea life both marine and plant. Plankton – forms the basis of marine food chains – corals, fish, polar bears, walruses, seals, sea lions, penguins, and seabirds. More importantly plankton produces 50-85% of earth’s oxygen and Dimethyl Sulphide that helps create the clouds in remote seas miles off shore. These reflect the rays of the sun back into space saving our planet from more C02 pollution and they produce scatterlight that warms up our oceans. People need to be aware of the importance of this microscopic enzymes throughout our oceans.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts a further rise of the sea levels between 1.4°C and 5.8°C by the end of the century. Climate change could therefore well be the knockout punch for many species which are already under stress from overfishing and habitat loss.

Ecosystems are been destroyed throughout our planet but the sea itself plays such an important role in maintaining our planet the sea absorbs a colossus amount of carbon dioxide just like the rain forests. With the deforestation of our rain forests, permafrost melting, peatlands been drained off and the salt marshes drained and built on, the the North Atlantic Drift being threatened (another carbon sink tank) , the seas natural greenhouse effects plankton irradiated. Our planet will have no defence against C02 left. Our planet will become uninhabitable due to the heat and lack of water and baron land. Climate warming is not coming it has arrived.

The pollution from the oil, sewage, chemicals or plastic has all but ruined our oceans and the beautiful marine life in them. The c02 is just the last nail in the earth’s coffitn. The chinese are trawling the seas way off china days out to sea and they are trawling illegally in foreign seas stealing small villages food supply and business supply. What are these small communities supposed to do against two massive trawlers full of chinese men way out to sea. It is criminal. There are laws but they do not hold and are not enforced properly tickets are given and they are warned off but they come back.

If you, I, and those around the world are to preserve our oceans, drastic measures have to be taken to combat this pollution.

In 2015, an ambitious inventor named Boyan Slat designed a device that promised to rid the ocean of litter by prompting it to clean itself. He was only 20 years old at the time. Three years (and a whole lot of data) later, Slat’s invention is ready to tackle the infamous Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a vortex of floating trash in the North Pacific. https://mymodernmet.com/(2020)

This young man intends to see that all of the oceans are cleaned up by 2050.

Plastic Pollution in the Oceans is Killing Marine Life | Paktales

Below are some astounding facts that demonstrate the size and severity of the issue, and why the solution relies on the small, everyday actions of individuals and business owners around the world – including you.

Fact 1: Plastics are the most common element found in the ocean today. Plastic, in particular, is harmful to the environment as it does not break down easily and is often mistaken as food by marine animals.

Fact 2: According to a study done by the University of Georgia, 18 billion pounds of plastic trash winds up in our oceans each year. To put that in perspective, it’s enough trash to cover every foot of coastline around the world with five full trash bags of plastic…compounding every year.

Fact 3: The 5 most common items found in coastal cleanups around the world are all single-use plastics. They are: plastic cigarette butts, food wrappers, plastic beverage bottles, plastic bottle caps, and plastic straws and drink stirrers.

Fact 4: There are 25 trillion pieces of plastic debris in the ocean. Of that, 269,000 tons float on the surface, while some four billion plastic microfibers per square kilometer litter the deep sea.

Fact 5: 80% of trash in the ocean is from land-based sources, including individuals, industry and improper waste management/infrastructure. Only 20% is the result of ocean-based sources, such as the fishing, shipping, and cruise ship industries.

Fact 6: Plastics cause more than 80% of the negative effects on animals associated with ocean trash.

Fact 7: There is an island of garbage twice the size of Texas inside the Pacific Ocean: the North Pacific Gyre off the coast of California is the largest oceanic garbage site in the entire world. It’s here that the number of floating plastic pieces in the water outnumbers total marine life six to one in the immediate vicinity.

Fact 8: Ocean pollutions kills more than one million sea birds each year.

Fact 9: recent survey found ocean pollution is more common in deep waters (more than 2,000 feet deep), with the most common offenders being plastic bags, metal cans, fishing equipment, glass bottles, shoes, and tires.

Fact 10: Research estimates anywhere from 15 to 51 trillion particles of floating micro plastic are in our oceans, weighing between 205-520 million pounds. This includes plastic microbeads (used as exfoliates in some personal care products) and synthetic fibers, both of which are too small to be filtered out by many waste water treatment plants.

Fact 11: Approximately 4 billion pounds of trash per year enters the ocean.

Fact 12: Approximately every square mile of ocean has more than 45,000 pieces of plastic floating in it.

Fact 13: There are dead zones in the oceans that have been created by pollution making life in those zones impossible for marine or plant life.

Fact 14: There are about 500 dead zones in the ocean, which covers a similar size to the United Kingdom.

Fact 15: Over 100,000 marine animals die every year from plastic entanglement and ingestion.

Fact 16: Carbon emissions harm the oceans as well as the air. If our behavior continues as is, the surface water of the ocean could be 150% more acidic than it is now.

Fact 17: Not all sewage that enters the ocean is treated. 80% of sewage that flows into the Mediterranean Sea is untreated, which can lead to disease.

Fact 18: Oil spills only contribute to 12% of the oil in the ocean. 36% of the oil comes from runoff sources from cities and companies.

Fact 19: Ocean noise pollution is an issue, too. Ships, tankers, and shipping containers emit sounds like high-intensity sonar and air guns. This noise pollution injures fish, disrupts their habitats, and more.

Fact 20: Over one-third of the Atlantic ocean that shellfish live in is negatively impacted by pollution. This adversely affects the shellfish businesses on the East Coast.

Fact 21: It’s estimated that by the year 2050, there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish (by weight).

Fact 22: Fish and other marine life often can’t tell the difference between plastic and food. If the animal eats plastic, they can’t digest it. The plastic fills their stomachs, so they starve to death.

Fact 23: Every year, about 1.5 million tons of nitrogen pollution flows into the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River.

Fact 24: China and Indonesia are the world’s biggest contributors of plastic pollution in the ocean. Combined, they account for one-third of total ocean pollution.

Fact 25: Plastic makes its way to the depths of the ocean. Studies have found that crustaceans in the Marianas Trench, the ocean’s deepest point, have ingested plastic.

Fact 26: Approximately one truckload of plastic enters the ocean every single minute.

Fact 27: The waste in the ocean takes a long, long time to decomposeStyrofoam takes 80 years, aluminum takes 200 years, and plastic takes 400 years.

Fact 28: In some of the most heavily polluted sections of the ocean, plastic outweighs plankton by six times.

Fact 29: There’s enough plastic in the ocean to circle the Earth 400 times.

Fact 30: Chemicals in heavily polluted waters can make their way back to us and cause serious health issues like reproductive problems, hormonal problems, kidney damage, and nervous system damage.

ocean pollution plastic

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